By Bill Fawcett
gathered in a single quantity, listed here are backfires and errors that collapsed empires, crashed economies, and adjusted the process the area.
From the Maginot Line to the Cuban Missile concern, background is full of undesirable strikes and not-so-bright principles that snowballed into mess ups and unintentional consequences.
This engrossing booklet appears to be like at 100 such tipping issues. Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. The Caliphs of Baghdad spend themselves into chapter 11. The Aztecs greet the Conquistadors with open hands. Mexico invitations the americans to Texas-and the american citizens by no means leave.
And the remaining is history...
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Additional info for 100 Mistakes that Changed History: Backfires and Blunders That Collapsed Empires, Crashed Economies, and Altered the Course of Our World
303–7. 101. See pp. 299–300 (Lenin); 364, 354 (Trotsky). 38 • Editorial Introduction Both Lenin and Trotsky minimised the possibility of Soviet Russia’s receiving significant aid through investment from or trade with the capitalist world. In the following month, Lenin led a successful struggle to reaffirm the Soviet government’s monopoly of foreign trade, a bulwark against economic disruption by pressures of the world-capitalist market. Later in the Congress, Willi Münzenberg’s report on economic assistance to the Soviet republics showed that significant investment funds were being raised for them by the workers’ movement abroad.
527 (adjournment of debate), 631–3 (statements by Russian and Italian delegations and resolution). 99. See pp. 481 (Bukharin on Kautsky), 503–4 (Thalheimer on Marxist Left), 509 (Thalheimer on Lenin), and Lenin 1960–71, 31, p. 22 (Lenin on Kautsky). For more on Lenin’s views of Kautsky, see p. 481, n. 2. Editorial Introduction • 37 Zetkin, Trotsky, and Béla Kun on the state of the Russian Revolution. The first three were then among the most authoritative international Communist leaders, while Kun’s presence reﬂected his return to prominence after his much-criticised role as ECCI envoy in spurring the German Party into the March Action of 1921.
The first of these, an addition to the resolution on Italy, is not found in the congress proceedings but is included in a separate edition of congress resolutions; it concerned only illegal work under Fascism. Otherwise, the resolution on Italy focused on criticism 51. See pp. 310 (Zetkin), 516 (Thalheimer), 164 (Radek), 273–4 (Zinoviev). 52. For Ravera, see Kunina 1980, pp. 359–60; Sekei 1980, p. 287. For Gramsci, see Fiori 1971, p. 153. Regarding Lenin’s views on democratic rights under capitalism, see Lih 2006.