A Field Guide to the Culture Wars: The Battle over Values by Michael McGough

By Michael McGough

Like any realignment in politics, the Democratic takeover of Congress within the 2006 midterm elections encouraged a raft of immediate analyses. One tackle the implications that's definitely fallacious is that the swap in charge of Congress and the spike in Democratic hopes for the 2008 presidential race mark an finish to the tradition wars that traditional knowledge blamed (or credited) for George W. Bush's re-election in 2004. This publication units the level for a brand new attention of the modern tradition wars through interpreting their antecedents—from the Scopes trial to Prohibition to the debate over the splendid Court's desegregation and school-prayer rulings to loyalty-oath battles of the Nineteen Fifties to the pre- Roe v. Wade crusade to liberalize abortion legislation. Even during periods of intended conformism, american citizens were awarded with competing claims approximately what kind of tradition this can be and the way and to what volume govt should still replicate, and police, values. the writer covers such issues as same-sex marriage, stem cellphone examine, clever layout, and different scorching button matters which are debated not only among the non secular and secular, yet an increasing number of one of the ranks of the spiritual themselves, the place a spiritual left has emerged to counter arguments from the non secular correct. an individual drawn to the intersection of faith and politics, within the upward thrust of the so-called ethical majority, and within the present scenario in regards to values and public existence in the US will achieve a greater realizing from interpreting this book.

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Lynn continued, “Polls repeatedly show that millions of people have chosen to follow no spiritual path at all. ”7 Perhaps so, but slighting atheists probably did not hurt Romney. A February 2007 USA Today/Gallup Poll found that only 45 percent of respondents would vote for an otherwise qualified atheist for president, compared to 94 percent who would support an African American and 55 percent who would support a homosexual candidate. As the 2008 presidential race was gearing up, Democrats agonized about “God gap” between the parties reflected in exit polls from 2004 indicating that 80 percent of voters who identified “moral values” as their most important issue supported George W.

The court said that only a “compelling state interest” would justify making someone comply with a law that offended her faith. Twenty-seven years later, however, the court held in Employment Division v. Smith23 that the state of Oregon did not violate the First Amendment rights of two members of a Native American church by denying their unemployment benefits because they had been fired for using the hallucinogenic drug peyote Under God 27 as part of the church’s rituals. Justice Scalia’s majority opinion held that, so long as law was “generally applicable” and did not discriminate against religion, it could be enforced even against persons whose lawbreaking was rooted in religious conviction.

In her majority opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger, the University of Michigan Law School case, Justice Sandra Day O’Connor agreed that the law school’s insistence on enrolling a “critical mass” of racial minorities served the educational purpose of promoting racial understanding and breaking down stereotypes. ” For some culture warriors, O’Connor’s expiration date comes too late, for others too early. As with immigration policy, both the definition of “one nation” and the best way to achieve it remain a matter of contention.

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