Aging and Health in Africa by Pranitha Maharaj (auth.), Pranitha Maharaj (eds.)

By Pranitha Maharaj (auth.), Pranitha Maharaj (eds.)

Population getting older is an issue of world drawback. It usually happens in tandem with alterations within the future health profile of the inhabitants. In Africa, many nations are already dealing with a excessive burden of communicable illnesses. notwithstanding, as an increasing number of youngsters live to tell the tale early life and circulation directly to grownup years and outdated age also they are prone to event illnesses linked to the getting older method. inhabitants getting older in Africa is happening within the context of excessive degrees of poverty, altering relations constructions, a major affliction burden, fragile health and wellbeing platforms and vulnerable or poorly controlled executive associations. This e-book exhibits that getting older is probably going to steer to elevated social and monetary calls for for the continent. although, so much nationwide governments in Africa haven't begun to deal with the difficulty of ways to reply successfully to the desires of the older inhabitants. this may require a greater knowing of the socio-economic and demographic scenario of the older inhabitants in Africa. This publication fills the gaps that exist by means of exploring the social realities of inhabitants getting older in Africa. It additionally makes a speciality of the coverage and programmatic responses, gaps and destiny demanding situations relating to getting older around the continent.

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In comparison to the other regions, Eastern Africa has the largest percentage of men and women aged 60 years and over in the labour force. Gender comparisons show that, in Eastern Africa, 79% of men, compared with 56% of women, are in the labour force. This is followed by Central Africa where labour force participation is 75% for men and 47% for women aged 60 years and over. The third highest region in terms of labour force participation is Western Africa. 22 shows that 65% of elderly men in Western Africa are economically active, compared with only 36% of women.

9 The male and female illiteracy rate for those aged 60 and over and the gender gap, in less developed countries, 1980–2010. Source: United Nations (2001) Earlier projections of the level of education of elderly Africans (Fig. 9) suggest that by 2010 less than half of all Africans aged 60 years and older will be illiterate. Although the illiteracy rate is expected to decrease over the decades, there is likely to remain a substantial number of illiterate people in this age group. Furthermore, levels of illiteracy are higher among women in this age group than men.

Furthermore, levels of illiteracy are higher among women in this age group than men. Again, women are in a disadvantageous position on the basis of their gender. The total percentage of elderly Africans who are illiterate is 43% (57% literate), in addition, as discussed previously almost half of all elderly Africans participate in the labour force (Fig. 8). The relationship between literacy and employment confirms the findings of Lam et al. (2006) that literacy and employment have a positive correlation and an almost equal percentile.

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