Agricultural Applications by Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank

By Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank Kempken (eds.)

During this quantity the relevance of fungi for agriculture is mentioned in 4 sections. the 1st one 'Food and Fodder construction' issues the appliance and power of mushrooms, straw enrichment, and nutrients or crop spoilage. the subsequent part 'Mycotoxins and cleansing' bargains with the biosynthesis of mycotoxins and using fungi in organopollutant degradation. a wide part entitled 'Disease regulate, Diagnostic, and administration' covers numerous features of organic keep an eye on (fungi, bugs, and weeds), diagnostics with emphasis at the instance of Magnaporthegrisea, and illness administration with specialize in the $64000 fungal pathogens Phoma, Fusarium, rusts and powdery mould. The final part 'Update on Host-Parasite Interactions' discusses sign transduction, avirulence determinants, phytotoxins, phone wall degradation, and the coevolution of pathogenic fungi and grass hosts.

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LaIe B. Solid-State Fermentation Solid-state fermentation (SSF) can be defined as a process in which solid substrates are decomposed by fungi, which are able to grow on and through the substrate (lignocellulose crop residues) under controlled environmental conditions with the aim of producing a high-quality product. During the growth of white-rot fungi on the lignocellulosic substrate, the following phases are observed: (1) colonization of the substrate, (2) maturation of the fungal mycelium, (3) induction of fruiting bodies, and (4) autolysis.

Introduction Straw (wheat, barley, oat, rye, rice) represents the main agricnltural crop residue in the world and botanically belongs to the Graminae family. Cereal straws are lignocelullosic material rich in energy, low in crude protein and poor in palatability. One characteristic of straw is that it mainly consists of 60-70% carbohydrates (Jackson 1977). Lignin complexed with cellulose and hemicellulose makes the carbohydrates of straw less accessible to microbial attack in the rumen. Lignin Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovak Republic acts as a barrier to the utilization of structural carbohydrates.

2. Effect of S. rugosoannulata and Pleurotus spp. . . . . . . . . . . 3. Effect of Tropical and Other Fungi ...... B. Rice Straw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. Effect of Fungi on Rice Straw .......... 2. Protein Supplementation of Fungi-Treated Rice Straw . . . . . . . . . . . . . C. Barley Straw .......................... D. Oat Straw ............................ E. Maize Stover . . . . . . . . . . . . . F. Other Straws and By-Products ............

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