Animal Cognition and Sequential Behavior: Behavioral, by Stewart H. Hulse (auth.), Stephen B. Fountain, Michael D.

By Stewart H. Hulse (auth.), Stephen B. Fountain, Michael D. Bunsey, Joseph H. Danks, Michael K. McBeath (eds.)

Animal Cognition and Sequential habit: Behavioral, organic, andComputational Perspectives brings jointly psychologists learning cognitive ability in animal and human matters, connectionist theorists, and neuroscientists who've a standard curiosity in realizing functionality and disorder within the realm of complicated cognitive habit. during this quantity, dialogue makes a speciality of behavioral, cognitive, psychobiological, and computational methods to figuring out the combination of ongoing habit, with specific awareness to versions of timing and the association of sequential behavior.

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Training the sequence in a forward manner (A, A~B, A~B~C, A~B~C~D) avoids this problem. After learning to respond to A, the subject is trained to respond to displays of A and B in the sequence A~B. Since repetitive responses were not treated as errors, the only consequence of additional responses to A is to prolong the trial. Eventually, the subject responds to B and the trial ends with reinforcement. The same process is repeated when C & D are introduced. 's findings by evaluating subjects' knowledge of associations between non-adjacent items.

The top portion of Figure 9 shows the latency of responding to the first item of a two-item H. S. Terrace 37 2-ltem Subset Test 100 90 I- o 80 w 70 0::: 0::: 60 0 o IZ 50 w 40 o 0::: w 30 a. 20 10 0 AB AC AD AE BC BD BE CD CE DE • Monkeys (n=4) (D'Amato & Colombo, 1988) LIJ Pigeons (n=5) (Terrace, 1987) Figure 8. Average percentage of correct responses to each of the ten 2-item subsets that can be derived from 5-item lists by monkeys (D'Amato and Colombo, 1988) and pigeons (Terrace, 1987). subset.

Bousfield, W. A. (1953). The occurrence of clustering in the recall of randomly arranged associates. Journal of General Psychology, 49, 229240. Bousfield, W. , Puff, C. R, & Cowan, T. M. (1964) . The development of constancies in sequential organization during repeated free recall. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 3,489-495. Bower, G. (1972a). Perceptual Groups as coding units in immediate memory. Proceedings ofthe Psychonomic Society, 27(4),217-219. Bower, G. (1972b). A selective review of organizational factors in memory.

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